(not just a clothes hanger)
We ask a lot from our shoulders, including having the strength and flexibility to reach, lift, hold, carry, press and pull. With all this activity, it’s unsurprising that we experience some degree of shoulder discomfort in our life. If shoulder pain is left untreated, however, it can become a chronic problem that can inhibit everyday activities like carrying groceries, getting dressed or combing your hair.
Contrary to what many believe, the shoulder is more than just a single joint. The shoulder is actually comprised of several joints that combine with tendon and muscles to provide the rotation and stability we’re all familiar with. The shoulder complex can involve many other body parts, including the:
Scapula (shoulder blade)
Thoracic region of the spine
Causes of Shoulder Pain
Some sources of shoulder pain constitute a medical emergency and require immediate attention, such as dislocation, separation or fracture. However, the most common causes of shoulder pain are poor posture, impingement, instability and overuse.
If not treated, nagging shoulder pain can lead to:
Rotator cuff tendonitis:
The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles tasked with supporting and moving the shoulder. The tendons attach to the arm bone in an area underneath the bony prominence of the shoulder blade. Rotator cuff tendonitis can become pinched under this bone, which causes inflammation and soreness.
The biceps tendon attaches your biceps muscle in the upper arm to the front of the shoulder. This tendon can become pinched due to the bony anatomy of the shoulder blade or by ligaments that attach to the collarbone and shoulder blade.
Shoulder bursitis occurs when the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that enables body structures to glide smoothly over one another, becomes pinched. There is a bursa between the humerus bone and the shoulder blade.
Also called adhesive capsulitis, frozen shoulder is condition where the shoulder becomes painful and gradually loses motion due to lack of use, a worsening rheumatic disease, a lack
of fluid to help the shoulder move or bands of tissue that grow in the joint and restrict motion.
Exercises and Stretches
Pendulum. To do the pendulum exercise, start by leaning over and supporting your non-injured arm with a table or chair. Allow the sore arm to dangle straight down and then draw circles in the air. The circles should start out small but gradually grow, and you should also reverse direction periodically. Repeat this exercise 5 to 10 times throughout the day.
Arm across the chest. To do this stretch, hold your right hand out in front of your body, keeping it near the waist. Then reach the left hand behind the elbow while pulling the right arm to the left and across the chest. Lower the arm until the pain lessens. Hold in this position for 30 to 50 seconds and then release. Repeat this stretch 3 to 5 times.
Neck release. While sitting up straight, slowly tilt the chin toward the chest until the stretch can be felt in the back of the neck. Then lean your head toward the left to stretch the right shoulder, or conversely lean to the right to stretch the left shoulder. The stretch should be held for a minute on each side. Try breathing deeply to help relax and maximize the stretch.
Chest expansion. For this exercise you’ll need an exercise band, rope, strap or a tie. Take one of these items and hold it behind your back while grasping with both hands. Move the shoulder blades toward one another and gently lift your chin toward the ceiling. Hold for 10 to 15 seconds while breathing deeply. Do this 3 to 5 times.
For best results always execute proper posture and address any nagging pain with your favorite massage therapist.